Javascript ChartsLayout

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This section explains the components of a chart and how they are laid out inside a chart.

How is the chart layout calculated?

Chart Layout

Each chart is composed of a single or multiple series, and optionally a legend, axes, and captions, such as title, subtitle and footnote. All of these components are managed by the chart's layout engine. They are sized and positioned appropriately based on the chart's dimensions, the nature of the data and the configuration.

Components are laid out in the following order; earlier elements take up space that is then unavailable for the layout of later elements:

  • Chart padding.
  • Title plus its configured spacing.
  • Subtitle plus its configured spacing.
  • Footnote plus its configured spacing.
  • Legend plus its configured spacing.
  • Navigator plus its configured margin.
  • Series area padding.
  • Axes.
  • Series area.

If any elements are hidden (not configured, or turned off explicitly or dynamically) then they do not consume any space during layout processing.

Chart Padding

padding configuration is applied first, ensuring a clear boundary of all other components from the edge of the canvas. Space is consumed on all sides of the available area based upon the padding configuration.

Title

title configuration applies next, horizontally centring on the remaining space and consuming the height of the title and its additional title.spacing.

Sub-Title

subtitle configuration applies next, horizontally centring on the remaining space and consuming the height of the title and its additional subtitle.spacing.

Footnote

footnote configuration applies next, horizontally centring on the remaining space and consuming the height of the footnote and its additional footnote.spacing at the bottom.

Legend

legend configuration is applied to the remaining space. The exact space consumed depends on how the legend is configured.

legend.spacing can be used to adjust the space between the legend and later components.

navigator configuration is applied next. The exact space consumed depends on how the navigator is configured.

navigator.margin can be used to adjust the space between the navigator and later components.

Series Area Padding

seriesArea.padding configuration is applied. It can be used to avoid the overlapping of series items with legend, title and axes labels.

Axes

axes layout is then calculated based upon the remaining space and how the axes are configured.

Series Area

All remaining space is then dedicated to rendering of the configured series options.

Size Changes

When the chart size changes, the layout process is performed for the new available canvas space. Most components are typically a fixed size, so typically it is the series-area which shrinks or grows and most other components just move around or adjust alignment.

By default autoSize is true, meaning the chart will resize automatically to fill the container element. If either the width or height option is set, then that dimension becomes frozen at the specified size. If autoSize is set to false then width and height will default to the initial container element size.

Make sure to give the chart's container element an explicit size, otherwise you will run into a chicken and egg situation where the container expects to size itself according to the content and the chart expects to size itself according to the container.